Judgments
Judgments
  1. Home
  2. /
  3. High Court Of Judicature at Allahabad
  4. /
  5. 1999
  6. /
  7. January

Commissioner Of Income-Tax vs Laxman Dass And Ram Murti

High Court Of Judicature at Allahabad|30 November, 1999

JUDGMENT / ORDER

JUDGMENT
1. Income-tax Applications Nos. 62, 82 and 72 are directed against a common order dated November 5, 1997, passed by the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal, New Delhi, in I.T.A. Nos. 2753, 2754 and 2755 of 1997 for the assessment years 1989-90 to 1991-92, while Income-tax Applications Nos. 75, 68 and 67 are directed against an order dated November 11, 1997, passed by the said Tribunal in I.T.A. Nos. 2750 to 2752 of 1997, for the same assessment years and in the subsequent order dated November 11, 1997, the Tribunal has followed its earlier order dated November 5, 1997, referred to above. The Commissioner in these applications prays that the Appellate Tribunal be directed to state a case and to refer the following" identical question for the opinion of this court :
"Whether, the Tribunal was legally correct in holding that the interest accrued and paid to the assessee on additional compensation is not taxable by relying upon the order of the Supreme Court in the case reported upon CIT v. Hindustan Housing and Land Development Trust Ltd, [1986] 161 ITR 524, ignoring the amendment to Section 45 of the Income-tax Act by the Finance Act, 1987, and also overlooking the decision of the Supreme Court in the case of Rama Bai [1990] 181 ITR 400 ?"
2. We have heard Sri Shambhu Chopra, learned counsel for the Commissioner, and Sri O. P. Sapra learned counsel for the respondent. Some agricultural land belonging to the two respondents was acquired under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. The respondents were not satisfied with the compensation awarded and seem to have approached the district judge under Section 18 of the Land Acquisition Act who awarded additional compensation. Against the award of the district judge, the Government has preferred appeals which are stated to be pending in this court. Certain amounts are said to have been received by the respondents towards the additional compensation and interest thereon and the question was about the taxability of the amount of interest in respect of the additional compensation. The Tribunal found that the matter was sub-judice in the High Court and, therefore, in view of the law laid down by the Supreme Court in CIT v. Hindustan Housing and Land Development Trust Ltd. [1986] 161 ITR 524, the interest was not taxable till the dispute is finally settled. The Tribunal held that the case was squarely covered by the decision of the Supreme Court and, therefore, the amount received by the two respondents was not taxable. In the question as proposed reliance is placed on a decision of the Supreme Court in Rama Bai v. CIT [1990] 181 ITR 400, in which it was held that the interest on enhanced compensation ordered by the court accrues from year to year from the date on which possession of the land was taken and that the assessment of the entire amount of interest in the year in which the order was passed, was not proper. Thus, the controversy in Rama Bai's case [1990] 181 ITR 400 was different. The Tribunal has held that the grant of additional compensation and interest thereon has not become final and is sub-judice in the High Court. This finding is not disputed. In CIT v. Hindustan Housing and Land Development Trust Ltd. [1986] 161 ITR 524, the Supreme Court held that when the entire amount was in dispute in appeals filed by the State Government, there was no absolute right to receive the amount at that stage. If the appeal was allowed in its entirety, the right to payment of enhanced compensation would have fallen altogether and, therefore, the extra amount of compensation was not income arising or accruing to the respondents during the previous year relevant to the assessment year 1956-57. The Supreme Court clarified that there is a distinction between the cases such as the present one where the right to receive payment is in dispute and it is not a question of merely quantifying the amount to be received and the cases where the right to receive the payment is admitted and the quantification only of the amount payable is left to be determined in accordance with the settled or accepted principle. Therefore, the controversy that was raised before the Tribunal and is also sought to be raised in the proposed question is already settled by the aforesaid judgment of the apex court and no referable question of law arises. The applications are accordingly rejected.
Disclaimer: Above Judgment displayed here are taken straight from the court; Vakilsearch has no ownership interest in, reservation over, or other connection to them.
Title

Commissioner Of Income-Tax vs Laxman Dass And Ram Murti

Court

High Court Of Judicature at Allahabad

JudgmentDate
30 November, 1999
Judges
  • M Agarwal
  • R Singh