Your No.1 Directory For Judgments and Cases in India

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Indian Case Laws - Search Directory

You can now search the case laws database of the Indian legal system here. We offer a comprehensive law database that includes Legal Citations and Judgements from the Supreme Court of India, all High Courts, as well as Legal Articles. You can also learn more about the Supreme Court, High Courts, Subordinate Courts, Legal Aid, Profession, Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), and other related topics.

Judicial Structure in India


India has one unified judicial system. The Indian judiciary is organised in a pyramid, with the Supreme Court (SC) at the top. The Supreme Court is the highest court, followed by the district and subordinate courts. The lower courts operate directly under the supervision of the higher courts.

To decentralise and address issues at the grassroots level, the Indian judiciary is divided into several levels. The fundamental structure is as follows:

Supreme Court

The Supreme Court, as the apex judicial body in a country, plays a vital role in interpreting and applying the law, and delivering justice. It is endowed with the authority and power to make final decisions on matters of legal significance. The establishment of the Supreme Court is firmly backed by constitutional and legal provisions, making it a crucial institution in the legal system of a country.

Constitutionally, the Supreme Court derives its authority from the highest law of the land, the Constitution. It is explicitly mentioned and its powers, functions, and jurisdiction are clearly defined within the constitutional framework in many countries, including the United States and India. The Supreme Court serves as the guardian of the Constitution, ensuring that the fundamental principles of justice, equality, and fairness are upheld in all its judgments and decisions.

Legally, the Supreme Court is supported by statutes and laws that determine its jurisdiction, powers, and procedures. These laws are enacted by the legislature and provide the legal framework for the functioning of the Supreme Court which are available for free, here at this best legal search engine. They outline the procedures for appointment, tenure, and removal of judges, as well as the appellate and original jurisdiction of the court. The Supreme Court decisions are binding on all lower courts, and the latest judgments of supreme court establish precedents that guide the interpretation and application of law in future cases.

Supreme Court of India: Location and Case Status

The location of the Supreme Court varies from country to country. In India, the Supreme Court is situated in New Delhi, the capital of the country. The location of the Supreme Court is strategically chosen to represent the central seat of power and to ensure its accessibility to the litigants and other stakeholders.

Supreme Court case status is an important aspect of the court's functioning. It provides information about the current status of cases pending before the Supreme Court, including the date of filing, parties involved, issues raised, and the stage of proceedings. In many countries, including the United States and India, the case status is available online, allowing litigants and the general public to track the progress of cases and access relevant information. The latest Supreme court judgments are eagerly awaited and have a significant impact on the legal landscape of the country, setting new precedents and influencing legal interpretations.

Judges of Supreme Court of India

The Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed through a rigorous process that typically involves nomination by the executive branch and confirmation by the legislature. The number of judges and their qualifications are usually defined by the Constitution or other relevant laws. Judges of the Supreme Court are highly esteemed and entrusted with the responsibility of interpreting the Constitution and the laws of the land. Their judgments, which are available for free here at this legal search engine, have far-reaching implications and shape the legal framework of the country.

High Courts in India

High courts in India have a long and fascinating history, dating back to the colonial period. The first high court in India was established in Calcutta in 1862, followed by Bombay and Madras in 1865. These high courts served as the highest judicial bodies in their respective regions, with the power to hear appeals from lower courts and adjudicate on a range of legal matters.

After India gained independence in 1947, the number of high courts increased significantly as new states were created. Today, there are a total of 25 high courts in India, each with its own jurisdiction and authority.

Number of High Courts in India

The high courts of India are divided into three categories: principal seats, circuit benches, and permanent benches. The principal seats are located in the capital cities of each state, while circuit benches are established to serve specific regions or districts. Permanent benches are established in areas that are geographically distant from the principal seats, to ensure greater access to justice for the people living in those areas.

High Court Judgements are binding precedents that are followed by lower courts in their respective jurisdictions. These judgments have a significant impact on the interpretation and application of laws, and are relied upon by lawyers and judges alike in their legal arguments and decision-making. These judgments are available for free here, in this best legal search engine.

Delhi High Court is one of the most prominent high courts in India, and the Delhi High Court judgments often set important precedents that have far-reaching implications for the legal system of the country.

How to Use Judgments Page Effectively?

The judgements page on a court's website can be a useful tool for searching for specific judgements using the case or judgement name. This page typically contains a searchable database of all the judgements delivered by the court, which can be accessed by members of the public, lawyers, and judges.

To use this legal search engine page to search for judgements, one needs to enter the relevant keywords such as the case name or the name of the parties involved in the case, or the judgement number (if known) into the search bar provided on the page. Once the search is initiated, the database will display all the relevant judgements that match the entered keywords.

The search results will typically include the name of the case, the names of the parties involved, the date of the judgement, and a brief summary of the decision. In some cases, the full text of the judgement may also be available for download.

This feature of the judgements/legal search engine page can be helpful in conducting legal research, as it allows users to find and read previous judgements on a specific legal issue or case. Additionally, it can also help in tracking the status of ongoing cases by checking for updates on the latest judgements.

Judgments Online

How Judgments are Made Online for Free

In today's digital age, accessing legal information has become easier than ever before. With the advent of judgments online, people can now access judgments delivered by courts across India at their fingertips. These court judgements can be accessed online for free at this legal search engine, making legal research and understanding of the law much more accessible.

Court Judgments are made online for free with the legal backing of the Right to Information Act, which mandates that all government agencies, including courts, make their decisions and orders available to the public. This includes making judgments available online for free, so that anyone can access them from anywhere, at any time.

Why Libra’s Judgments Portal is the Best Online Judgments Portal in India

One of the best legal search engines for accessing judgments in India is Libra Judgments. This portal provides a user-friendly platform for accessing judgments delivered by various courts in India, including the Supreme Court, High Courts, and lower courts. It is a comprehensive database of judgments, updated regularly to ensure that users have access to the latest decisions.

Libra Judgments, powered by Vakilsearch is the best online judgments portal in India for several reasons.

  • Firstly, it offers a simple and intuitive interface that makes it easy to search for judgments using keywords such as case names, parties involved, and the date of the judgement. This ensures that users can quickly find the judgments they are looking for without having to navigate through complex menus or interfaces
  • Secondly, Libra Judgments offers a range of filters that enable users to narrow down their search results based on the court, the judge, the date, and other relevant criteria. This can be especially helpful for lawyers and researchers who need to find judgments on specific legal issues or by specific judges
  • Thirdly, Libra Judgments, the legal search engine provides comprehensive summaries of the judgments, which help users to understand the key points of the decision without having to read the entire judgement. This can be a huge time-saver for busy lawyers and researchers who need to access and analyse multiple judgments in a short period of time
  • Finally, Libra Judgments is updated regularly, ensuring that users have access to the latest judgments delivered by various courts in India. This ensures that the portal remains a reliable and up-to-date resource for legal research and analysis.
  • In essence, the availability of judgments online for free has revolutionised legal research in India, making it more accessible and transparent. Libra’s legal search engine is the best online judgments portal in India, offering a user-friendly platform for accessing and analysing judgments delivered by various courts in India. Its comprehensive database, intuitive interface, and regular updates make it an essential resource for anyone involved in legal research or analysis.

Terminologies Related to Case Judgements

justice Without courts to explain and expound on their meaning, laws are like dead letters. The judiciary is the overseer of democracy, the defender of the constitution, and the champion of liberty.


Law is a set of rules made and enforced by social or government institutions to control behaviour. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.


Judgement is a court decision that settles a dispute between two parties by determining the rights and obligations of each party.


A case is a civil or criminal fair or legal proceeding. Depending on the jurisdiction and the nature of the dispute, it may also be referred to as an action, suit, or controversy.

Criminal Case

A criminal case is a type of court proceeding in which a prosecutor from the federal, state, or local government charges someone with a crime. Criminal cases typically begin when a person is arrested and informed of their charges, usually at an indictment hearing.

Civil Case

A civil case is a private, non-criminal lawsuit involving private property rights, including rights guaranteed by the Constitution or federal or state law. A civil case begins when one person alleges that another person has failed to fulfil a legal obligation owed to the plaintiff.

Constitution Bench

Court of India's at least five judges are known as "Constitution benches," and they convene to hear any references made by the President of India pursuant to Article 143 or to decide any case "involving a substantial question of law as to the interpretation" of the Indian Constitution.

Ex parte

Ex parte refers to improper interaction with a party or a judge. A lawyer is often not allowed to speak with the judge or the opposing party without the presence of the opposing party's lawyer.

Locus Standi

"Locus standi" means that only the person whose rights have been violated may petition the court for redress. It was a traditional rule followed by the Indian judiciary until the concept of Public Interest Litigation was introduced.

Majority Judgement

An inter-level judgement resolving conflicts algorithm in which the most frequently occurring judgement is used as the result.


A person who makes a formal, written request to a court, officer, or legislative body for action on a specific matter. In legal proceedings initiated by a petition, the respondent is the person seeking relief or opposing the petition.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

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